National hero of the Philippines, physician, surveyor, linguist, writer, poet, sculptor and painter. Born in Calamba, Laguna on 19 June 1861. Author of Noli Me Tangare (1887) and El Filibusterismo (1891), novels that incited the Filipinos’ uprising against Spain. Arrested and exiled in Dapitan, southern Mindanao on 6 July 1892. Volunteered as a physician with Spanish forces in Cuba, 1896 but was arrested again en route to Spain on charges of rebellion. Executed at Bagumbaya (now Rizal Park), Manila on 30 Dec 1896.